Pyotr Tchaikovsky and the Russian Ballet

It would be hard to find someone who has never heard of the Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, its amazing performances, and the music of Pyotr Tchaikovsky. This combo is known all over the world, and the performances of the Moscow Bolshoi Ballet fascinate even those people who do not like neither opera nor ballet. The Bolshoi Theater of Moscow and composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky were two intertwined destinies, and both of these figures are still a pride of the Russian nation.

Simplicity and Talent

Pyotr Tchaikovsky was born in 1840 May 7 in the small town of Votkinsk. His parents were wealthy people, so all the children received an education, and the talents of little Pyotr could be revealed early. Parents of Pyotr Tchaikovsky loved music: his father played the flute, his mother played the harp and piano, and sang romances.

By the time he was six, Pyotr had already read French and German well. He stood out from other children with extraordinary gentleness, sensitivity to the calamity of another, and to any injustice. The first musical impressions, as the composer later recounted, relate to folk songs of indescribable beauty and novels and arias sung by the mother.

A Year of World Glory

At the end of the 1870s, when he reached the heights of great creative heights, he was the author of such works as Francesca da Rimini, The Fourth Symphony, the opera Eugene Onegin, the ballet Swan Lake, and the Piano Concerto No. 1 in the early 1880s. the highest stage of its artistic maturity. In January 1880, the composer began writing the Italian Caprice for symphony orchestra on Italian dance and song themes. In the mid-1880s, Tchaikovsky returned to active musical and social activities. In 1885 he was included in the board of directors of the Moscow branch of the Russian Imperial Music Society. Since the late 1880s, he has conducted concerts in Russia and abroad.


The works of Pyotr Tchaikovsky became dominant in nineteenth-century Russia, and the composer himself became famous both in Russia and abroad. Tchaikovsky’s talent for choosing a melody, the ability to write memorable dance music smoothly and an understanding of the theatrical atmosphere allowed him to create unique works of this genre.

Swan Lake
Swan Lake

As a composer, Pyotr Tchaikovsky was formed in 1860-1870. Tchaikovsky has created works of almost all musical genres. The most significant works of the composer are 6 numbered symphonies and the symphony Manfred, 10 operas, three unique ballet works (1876 Swan Lake, 1889 Sleeping Beauty, 1892 The Nutcracker). 4 sutures for symphony orchestra, fantastic overtures Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, serenade for string orchestra, cantata Moscow, Francesca da Rimini (1876), 3 concerts for piano (1875, 1880, 1893), piano trio In Memory of a Great Artist (dedicated to Rubinstein), more than 100 works for piano, as well as 104 romances, many symphonic works, concerts and chamber instrumental ensembles, choir compositions, cantatas, piano miniatures, and piano cycles.

Tchaikovsky’s first ballet, Swan Lake, is described as a very great and courageous achievement. The ballet Sleeping Beauty was considered by the composer Tchaikovsky to be one of his best works. The Sleeping Beauty was first shown on January 3, 1890, at the St. Mary’s Theater in St. Petersburg. The ballet The Nutcracker is one of Tchaikovsky’s most famous works. The premiere of The Nutcracker took place in 1892. Until today, the music of The Nutcracker is one of the most beautiful works of classical music.